The International Energy Conservation Code (LECO/is the prevalent national model energy code for most American states and local jurisdictions. The ICC is part of the code suite managed by the International Code Council (IC), which also manages the recognizable model codes including the International Building Code (IBC), International Fire Code (IFC), International Mechanical Code (IMC), and International Plumbing Code (IPC). This suite of codes is updated on a two-year staggered code cycle, with opportunities for public modification proposals, public comment on proposals, public hearings concurrent to ICC committees voting on proposals, and final electronic voting on proposals by full ICC membership. A predominant ICC membership sector is local and state building code officials, who are one of the most public interfaced groups, providing an additional quasi-public interaction.

It can be argued that this process has both advantages and disadvantages, but it is also one of the most publicly open processes with regards to American standards and codes. For the ICC, this high level of public interaction for development was recently. approved by the ICC, which would move it from the current governmental consensus process to the ICC consensus process. This approved change will move the ICC from a code to an American National Standards Institute (ANSI)-accredited standard. The following statement was pulled from an ICC news release providing the justification for this change:

“The Code Council is considering whether to move from a code development process to a standards development process for the IECC in order to strengthen the code and its adoptability. If the ICC is developed as a standard, it would be updated using the Code Council’s Consensus Procedures, which comply with ANSI’s Essential Requirements and prevent dominance by any interest category. The standards development process would allow for additional time for debate and put the ICC on a continuous maintenance cycle to allow for more timely consideration of rapid advancements in technology.”

Notable and Strong Objections
The APPA Board of Directors opposed this change, primarily on the basis that the ICC revision process works, that this process has demonstrated advancement of energy efficiency, and that it provides public and key stakeholders with multiple opportunities to contribute their input, their voice, and their vote.

APPA is not alone in this opposition. Notable and strong objectors include the American Institute of Architects, several major U.S. city governments and code officials, several U.S. state energy office officials, and the Energy Efficient Codes Coalition. A universal concern with the now-approved change is lack of public accountability and input if the process change is approved, and a strong influence from special interests on IECC modifications. Granted, ANSI accreditation of standards does require diversity of the voting members of an ANSI standard, and there is a strong requirement for public notice and comment solicitation on modifications. However, this ANSI requisite is already well reflected in ASHRAE Standard 90.1, generally the mirror equivalent and primary source content for the IECC.

This author is a voting member on the 90.1 standard, and I contended that it highly complements the IECC revision process. Moving IECC to an ANSI standard will eliminate this complement, potentially moving 90.1 to irrelevance since IECC is the recognized code for most jurisdictions already. I must ask, since ASHRAE Standard 90.1 is already an ANSI consensus standard, why create a competitor standard based upon the ICC justifications stated? If these are legitimate justifications, would not the proposed benefits already manifest in ASHRAE 90.1, the primary content generator for the current IECC? My primary concern, now that the IECC change is adopted, is defining precedent for other ICC codes. It is the view of nearly all of the objecting entities that the fundamental strength of ICC is the opportunity it provides for public visibility, interaction, accountability, and a voice at the development table.

Moving IECC from a highly publicly engaged code to an ANSI standard will not only weaken the credibility and adoptability of this code, it will also weaken the integrity and confidence of the ICC suite of codes. The decision of the ICC Board to approve this change is unfortunate to organizations interested in a transparent process.

David Handwork is assistant vice chancellor of facilities management at Arkansas State University, Jonesboro, AR, and APPA’s Vice President for Information and Communications. He can be reached at